News, Analysis and research on Land Reform and Agrarian Change around the world
Two papers analysing the recent experience of Latin America, and Cuba in particular, support arguments that a shift from industrial-large scale farming to small-scale farming can bring environmental, economic and political benefits.
In March 2011, Olivier de Schutter, the UN Rapporteur for the Right to Food released a report: “Agro-ecology and the right to food” before the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva. Based on an extensive review of recent scientific literature, the report demonstrates that agroecology, if sufficiently supported, can double food production in entire regions within 10 years while mitigating climate change and alleviating rural poverty.
Shashe Declaration 12-20 June 2011
Sam Moyo The author is grateful for the research support provided by Ndabezinhle Nyoni, Walter Chambati, Charity Dangwa, Kingstone Mujeyi and Dumisani Siziba. Funding from the Norwegian Embassy and CIDA enabled the research. The author would also like to thank the very helpful anonymous reviewers.
ABSTRACT Shalmali Guttal looks at shifts in agriculture policy in Cambodia and Laos as governments aim to transform the structures of their agriculture towards greater commercialization and markets. She argues this has far reaching impacts on rural social structures, and rural peoples’ access to land and security of tenure.
KEYWORDS extractive development; biodiversity; farmers; monocrops; land acquisition
In their introduction to this journal issue, the Land Research Action Network warns that a new global wave of land grabbing is underway. The current trend of investments is triggered by the interrelated crises in food, finance, energy and climate that have been spurred by decades of corporate driven globalization, neo-liberal policy regimes and natural resource exploitation. They argue that one positive outcome of the multiple crises is a renewed interest among peoples, academics, entrepreneurs, scientists and policymakers in alternative models of production, consumption and using energy and resources. They look forward to measures that will redistribute, protect and nurture land and water resources paving the way for a new framework of governance of land and the natural commons, which puts local communities in control of their own territories and livelihoods.
KEYWORDS privatization; world bank; IAASTD; biodiversity; eco system; livelihoods
“There can be no justifications for land grabbing!” social movements and CSOs tell World Bank, UN agencies and governments 17 April 2011
The reinvestment in agriculture, triggered by the 2008 food price crisis, is essential to the concrete realization of the right to food. However, in a context of ecological, food and energy crises, the most pressing issue regarding reinvestment is not how much, but how.
Recent protests in North Africa and the Middle East have been linked in part to rising food prices, which hit a record in January, according to the United Nations.
ABSTRACT Faustino Torrez summarizes the findings of the Agrarian Reform Commission of La Via Campesina, an international peasant movement that initiated the Global Campaign for Agrarian Reform.
KEYWORDS integral agrarian reform; World Bank; land grabbing; peasantry; food sovereignty