Why We Oppose the Principles for Responsible Agricultural Investment (RAI)
THE GLOBAL CAMPAIGN FOR AGRARIAN REFORM
LAND RESEARCH ACTION NETWORK
FIAN International * Focus on the Global South * La Via Campesina
Social Network for Justice and Human Rights (REDE SOCIAL)
In recent years a new development has emerged, commonly known as “the global land grab.” With this new development, it has increasingly been acknowledged that large-scale investments in agricultural lands can have negative impacts in terms of human rights, social cohesion, sustainable food production, household food security and environmental protection for the receiving/host country. Declaring a concern to mitigate the negative impacts of such investments, various international institutions
and national governments have called for guidelines, codes of conduct or
principles to govern these investments.
The World Bank (WB) and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) were among the first proponents of such a perspective. The “Principles for Responsible Agricultural Investment that Respects Rights, Livelihoods and Resources” (RAI), now jointly promoted since January 2010 by the WB, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), is the most advanced initiative in this respect.