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Global Campaign for Agrarian Reform

Guatemala: Violent eviction of peasant families in Tecún Umán, San Marcos

Friday 18 May 2007, by LRAN

Emergency Network
0709AGTM 18-05-2007

On May 5th, 2007, 50 peasant families were violently evicted from the San Antonio Las
Pilas farm, in the Tecún Umán municipality, Department of San Marcos. A heavily armed
group of National policemen stormed the farm, leaving behind one peasant dead, Wilson
Ramrez López, one severly injured, one taken prisoner and the total destruction of the
families’ possessions who had to run for their lives.

In view of this violent aggression by the police force acting on orders of the Public
Ministry, please ask the Government of Guatemala to investigate and prosecute the forced
evition, the killing of Mr. Wilson Ramírez López, the illegal imprisonment and the
looting. Please also ask the government to protect the peasant families and to solve all
agrarian conflicts in a peaceful manner. , Please send a letter to the Vice-President of
Guatemala, with copy to the Human Rights Ombudsman and to CODECA (Committee for Peasant
Development).

Background:

Since August 2006, 50 peasant families have been living and cultivating the San Antonio
Las Pilas farm, situated in the Tecún Umán municipality, Department of San Marcos, which
they recovered and claimed for themselves as they consider it to be State property.
Since that moment when they peacefully started to occupy the land, a landholding family
of the region also started to claim property rights to this land and initiated threats
and legal demands against some of the occupants, who due to lack of financial resources
have not been able to legally defend themselves properly. Two of the peasants are
detained under false accusations of various offences. The peasants are organized in
CODECA (Committee for Peasant Development) which is giving legal support.

On May 5th, 2007, on behalf of the district attorney of the Public Ministry, and without
consulting the Human Rights Ombudsman in order to achieve a peaceful mediation, about 15
heavily armed police agents of the National Police stormed the place suddenly, leaving
the peasant Mr. Wilson Ramírez López dead, one peasant detained and causing the sacking
of the peasant families’ possessions, who had to flee to save their lives. This violent
act is just one of many and shows the suffering of peasants women and men inflicted by
security forces. Furthermore, the Public Ministry has demonstrated to side openly with
the interests of the landholding family, abusing its authority when turning against the
peasant families affected in this violent way.

CODECA demands the investigation, capture and punishment of those responsible for the
death of Mr. Wilson Ramírez López and the looting suffered by the peasant families of
the San Antonio Las Pilas farm. The peasants detained should be immediately released.
Furthermore, they ask the Government of Guatemala to stop the violent evictions.

Mandate of the Emergency Network:

Guatemala is State Party to the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Therefore, all State authorities have to
respect, protect and fulfil the rights recognized in these treaties, particularly the
Right to Food, the Right to Life and Personal Integrity.

End of the action: June 30, 2007

Adresses:

Dr. Eduardo Stein

Vicepresidente de la República Casa Presidencial

6ª avenida 4-19, zona 1

Ciudad de Guatamala

Guatemala

Fax: +502-2253 0801

+502-2238 0106

Copies to:

Lic. Mariel Aguilar

Secretaría de Asuntos Agrarios

12 Av. 19-01, Zona 1

Ciudad de Guatemala

Guatemala

Fax: +502-22852938

Email: mariel1aguilar@yahoo.com

CODECA

Comité de Desarrollo Campesino

10ª, Calle Prolongación 5-39

Zona 2

Mazatenango, Duch.

Guatemala C.A.

Email: codeca@gmx.net

Please inform FIAN about any reply you might get.

Translation of the letter

I greet you sincerely and with this letter I wish to express my deep concern about what
happened on the San Antonio Las Pilas farm, situated in the Tecún Umán municipality,
Department of San Marcos.

On May 5th, 2007, about 15 heavily armed agents of the National Police, suddenly stormed
the above mentioned farm, where 50 peasant families have been living since August 2006.
They claim this farm, because they consider it to be State property. The action had been
carried out on behalf of the district attorney of the Public Ministry who did not
involve the Human Rights Ombudsman in order to search a peaceful solution, thus causing
the death of the peasant Mr. Wilson Ramírez López, leaving one person severely injured
and causing the complete destruction of the peasant families’ possessions who had to
flee to save their lives.

Guatemala is State Party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights, as well as to International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and has
therefore the obligation to respect, protect and fulfil these rights, particularly the
Right to Life, Personal Integrity and the Right to Food.

Therefore, I ask you, Mr. Vice-President, to take the appropriate and immediate measures
in order to achieve:

- The protection of the community and the prompt solution of the agrarian
conflict in favor of the peasant community so that their livelihood is ensured;

- An compensation for the looting of the peasant families who lost their
possessions;

- The investigation, capture and punishment of those responsible for the death
of Mr. Wilson Ramírez López;

- The immediate release of the detained peasants;

- The investigation and punishment of those responsible for the violent storming ordered on May 5th, 2007.

Yours sincerely,